Balsam Lake Fire Tower

Even light snow cover turns Balsam Lake into a glittering winter wonderland. And it’s a cinch to hike. A cold fall morning is the perfect time to take in the fire tower’s incredible 360° view. Winter hikes to the tower are absolutely spectacular.

Hike Length: 7.5 miles (12.07 km)

Total Ascent: 1,546ft (471m)

Intensity: Moderate Catskills Hike

Route Type: Lollipop

Includes: Blazed Trail

Parent Balsam Lake

the cabin in woods

Cabin in the forest that surrounds Balsam Lake’s summit

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 A full loop up and over Balsam Lake’s summit. The southern ridge is steep, which is what males this hike "moderate" rather than "easy".

Hiking Trail Description

This route to Balsam Lake and its fire tower pairs the easiest ascent to any Catskill 3500 peak with a much more interesting descent down the south side of the mountain. I also tried to find the scenic view, and visited a lean-to.

Balsam Lake Info board


It’s quite easy to drive past the parking area for Balsam Lake because it’s directly after a curve on Millbrook Rd. It’s a large lot with two entrances, and a very full information board.

Notice the sign for FIRE TOWER which points to the left.

Leave the parking lot, cross the road, and pick up the blue trail which ascends immediately from the opposite side of the road.

Balsam Lake Hiking Trail

There are no tough sections on this route to the summit of Balsam Lake; it’s easy hiking the whole way.

Like the hike up Slide Mountain, the whole ascent takes barely 90 minutes but this route is even easier. Hiking Slide from Route 47 sometimes involves an immediate river crossing, and has a rocky section, plus a few steep inclines. In comparison, Balsam Lake feels like walking on an airport travelator.

The register for Balsam Lake is quite a distance from the road.

Balsam Lake Hiking Trail Register
Always sign the trail register!
Balsam Lake mountain snowy trail
Serious winter wonderland (when it’s snowed just a little)
catskill icicles
Icicles hanging from a mossy rock on the trail

This trail is very straightforward. The first mile has a moderate amount of incline and the second mile is a mix of long flat sections, and even a little elevation loss.

Balsam Lake Signposts

Continue to reach the signposted junction where the trail splits.

Head directly to your right, along the red-blazed trail.

Pass by the gate and continue climbing. There are several steep/flat switches.

Not long after the 3500 FOOT ELEVATION sign, the woods change suddenly from deciduous to a massive stand of fir trees.

Finally, the trail flattens out along the summit ridge. It’s very pleasant.

After just a few minutes in the pine woods, you’ll pass the observer’s cabin on your right and then enter the clearing with the picnic table and the fire tower. This is the summit.

Balsam Lake Fire Tower
Balsam Lake Fire Tower and Picnic Table

Balsam Lake Fire Tower

The fire tower, here, is one of the true gems of the Catskill Park. The views from the cabin extend for miles, all around. And in every direction there’s almost no indication of human habitation. The scene is primordial.

view from Balsam Lake fire tower
Clouds. Mountains. Trees. People.

If the tower cabin is closed, as it is most of the time, you can still climb the tower; just not all the way.

Looking west from Balsam Lake
Looking west from the fire tower, over Woodpecker Ridge

Balsam Lake observer cabin and mountains
Looking east, one of many stunning views you’ll take in from Balsam Lake’s fire tower

The wind up there is often bananas. You can hear it on this video. I didn’t stick around long. I took my shots and scurried down the tower.

It can be difficult to orient yourself up there but the observer’s cabin is a big help. Once you climb the tower, the roofline of the cabin points away, roughly to the east — toward the southern Catskills. The large mountain in the foreground is Graham. Beyond it, to the right, you can see Slide, Doubletop, Lone, Table and Peekamoose.

view of mountains
Mountains visible from the tower

What surprised me is that, to the left of Graham, Panther Mountain was also visible. From this angle, it looked incredible.

I think Eagle Mountain and Haynes may also be visible. They’d be to the left of the above photo, out of frame.

The ruins of the repeater station on top of Graham were clearly visible from Balsam Lake. On a big screen, you can see them as a slight break in the line of snowy pixels on Graham’s summit.

I remember seeing Balsam Lake’s fire tower from Graham’s summit the last time I was up there. I love seeing one summit from another and then, later, reversing the view.

Now that I know what I’m looking at, I can’t wait to get back up there with my long lens.

Hike Out

At this point, most people turn around and head back out the way they came in. Head back toward the observer’s cabin and downhill to the junction. Turn left and head forMillbrook Road.

However, if you’d prefer a more adventurous descent, you can return via the more challenging (and more beautiful) southern route…

Balsam Lake’s Southern Ridge

When you first came into the clearing, you may have noticed another opening in the woods on your left. From the tower, if you look down at the picnic table, you’ll see it clearly.

This trail leads down the steep south ridge. The character of the trail going down the south side of the mountain is very different from the trail you came up. It’s steep and rugged, and much more authentically Catskills.

In these conditions, even with an inch or two of snow on the ground, I’d been able to bare-boot my way to the summit. Not for the descent. Before heading down, I put on my microspikes.

The trail descends gradually at first, until the first junction, where you’ll see signs on the right for Mill Brook Ridge.

Scenic View?

Not far down that trail, there’s a scenic view marked on the NYNJTC maps that I wanted to check out. You lose some elevation, and there’s an intense switchback which you can see on my Gaia track.

Through the trees, I saw what I think was Woodpecker Ridge. But I found no amazing lookout. Stepping off the trail to bushwhack didn’t seem wise; it’s very steep right there. More research needed, I think.

I re-climbed to the junction, turned right, and headed once again down the red trail.

Balsam Lake’s Spring

The spring not far below always seems to be flowing pretty well. You come to a large, very-rectangular boulder and the spring is just to its right, a small metal pipe sticking out of the mountain.

Boulder and spring Balsam Lake
Balsam Lake Spring

Below this, the trail is very steep. If there’s any snow or ice at all, you’ll absoutely need traction. I was glad I had my Hillsounds on.

Balsam Lake Lean-To

The next side-trail leads down to a very sweetly-situated lean-to. The blazing is patchy so keep your eyes peeled, but it’s not far down the trail.

Balsam Lake Lean-To
Snowy Balsam Lake Lean-To

I hung out here for a few minutes — it’s extremely peaceful — then headed back to the main trail.

The trail winds down the mountain, sometimes steeply, sometimes more easily. The blazing is pretty good. Eventually, reaching the bottom, you’ll reconnect with the blue trail.

This view is looking back up the trail I’ve just come down…

Trail Junction
Southern junction of red and blue trails

Turn north/left. It’s just a mile back to the junction with the red trail which you took up to the summit. I do trail maintenance on this section of trail. It’s nice and quiet here, too. I don’t think this trail mile gets used a ton.

The brook downhill to your right is Black Brook.

From the junction with the red trail that goes up to fire tower, it’s 2¼ very easy miles to your car.

trail junction
Back at the first junction, heading out to Millbrook Rd

Similar Hikes

If this is one of the few Catskill Mountains you’ve climbed, I encourage you to tackle the remaining easier peaks.

Maybe you’ll even try Indian Head. Maybe it’ll change your life the way it changed mine.

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The parent mountain for this hike is Balsam Lake.

If you do this hike, let me know how it went in the comments below. Your feedback makes this site better.

Trailhead Info for this Hike

Large parking area!

Google Maps Location: 42.070019, -74.574074

The map below shows the exact topographic location of the trailhead

Cell Service

Pretty great for most of this hike. Which, for the Catskills, is quite unusual. From the trailhead (where I was able to send texts) all the way to the fire tower, the signal dropped only a few times. Coming down the south side of the mountain, I lost coverage more frequently. My network is Verizon. YMMV.

Your comments are welcome here…

Hello, I’m Sean

I write independent hiking content to help hikers like you find amazing hikes in the Catskills, Adirondacks, Gunks, Hudson Highlands, Taconics and beyond.

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